B) James-Lange Theory of emotion
Explanation: In essence, this theory proposes that the emotions and physiological change that occurs in the body due to external event, stimuli etc., do not occur simultaneously. According to this theory, physiological changes first occur in response to an external stimulus, and a certain emotion occurs in response to these physiological changes. The emotion thus arose in fact as an interpretation of the physiological response to stimuli from the environment.
A) two-factor theory of emotion
According to my research on different studies conducted by various psychologists, I can say that based on the information provided within the question Enzo is relying on the two-factor theory of emotion. This theory basically states that emotion is characterized by two different factors/aspects which are physiological arousal and cognitive label.
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c) the James-Lange theory
James-Lange theory: The theory is given by the physiologist Carl Lange and the psychologist William James in the 19th century. This is one of the famous and early theories of emotion in modern psychology. The basis of this theory is that the experience of any sort of emotion arises from the physiological arousal, events, and reactions.
In short, the theory can be explained in terms of the physiological arousal in response to the environmental stimuli by a person leads to the interpretation of that particular arousal that results in the experience of emotion.
The correct answer for the question above is option c) James Lange Theory.
Enzo relies on A) The theory of two emotion factorsFurther explanation
Schachter Singer's theory is called the theory of emotional duo factors because this theory is based on two things that occur namely physiological changes and cognitive interpretations. Physiological changes are how individuals can explain a situation that can arouse emotions, for example, what makes anger, joy, or fear and then explain their reactions and difficulties in dealing with the situation. Cognitive interpretation is how individuals use information from past experiences that have been stored in the brain and perception to interpret their feelings at the moment
When someone faces an event that arouses emotions, generally first he will experience physiological disorders and are not clear. Theoretically, what happens next depends on whether he knows why he feels annoyed and how he feels, if he is unsure about the emotions he feels, he will likely look for answers to situations that might help him understand what he is feeling. However, if from the beginning he was aware of what was disturbing his mind and the feeling he was going through, he did not have to look for information about what was happening.
The flowchart of the Schachter-Singer theory can be explained as follows: Starting from a stimulus received from outside then triggering physiological changes in the body. Then the perception and interpretation of the awakening occur in a special situation that is already known from the information and experiences that have been stored previously, then there are subjective emotions. Schachter-Singer's theory did not escape criticism. In everyday experience, people are not always affected by the behavior of others
Class: High School
Subject: Social studies
Keyword: Emotional theories.
In this theory, emotion depends on physiological arousal and cognitive processing.
The two-factor theory of emotion states that emotion is based on two primary factors: physiological arousal and a cognitive label. The theory states that when an emotion is felt a physiological arousal occurs and the person uses the immediate environment to search for emotional cues to label the physiological arousal.
Somatic marker theory of emotion
Explanation:Based on somatic marker tbeory, our emotion’s unique physical fingerprint (like changes in heart rate, breathing, hormones, muscle tone, facial expression, etc.) are all somatic markers , which are used as a base to make good decisions. The body senses these bodily patterns and send them to the brain as somatic marker which one can use to make an effective decision. They can be emotional feeling felt but always they trigger how one will make the next decision.
The answer is a. Cognitive Dissonance Theory.
This phenomenon occurs when a person's attitudes or beliefs conflict with each other. The main principle of this theory indicates that we are driven by an internal sense of consistency. When our actions don't reflect this hamony, we feel impulsed to change the situation.
The men attributed the arousal caused by the swaying bridge to the attractiveness of the confederate.
Two-factor theory: In psychology, the two-factor theory of emotion is also referred to as "Schachter's Two-Factor Theory of Emotion", and was proposed by Stanley Schachter. He believed that an individual's emotions are based on two parts or factors including a cognitive label or physical arousal, and both of the elements should be present for an individual to experience an emotion.
In the question above, the two-factor theory was supported when the men attributed the arousal caused by the swaying bridge to the attractiveness of the confederate.