An atom that has gained or lost electrons is called an ion .
if a atom gains or loses electrons it is an ion cation are gained electrons and anion are lossed electrons
Explanation: Atoms are made up of three particles: electrons, neutrons and protons. Protons have positive charge, neutrons have no charge while electrons have negative charge. Normally, atoms have equal number of protons and electrons, thereby making an atom electrically neutral. When an atom looses an electron, it then has more number of protons than electrons thereby becoming positively charged but when an atom gains electron, it has more number of electrons than protons thereby becoming negatively charged. There are two types of ions: positively charged ions called cations and negatively charged ions called anions.
When an element loses (or gives in) electrons in a chemical bond, the amount of protons overlaps the amount of electrons and it becomes an electrically positive system called a cation.
Cations may be monoatomic when formed by a single atom or polyatomic when formed by more than one atom.
In addition, the amount of electrons lost (or donated) indicates which type of cation is classified into monovalent (1+ charged), bivalent (2+ charged) or trivalent (3+ charged) cations.
Some examples of cations:K⁺¹ (Potassium)Zn⁺² (Zinc)Al⁺³ (Aluminum)
Some atoms gain or lose electrons during a chemical reaction. Positive ions are those that form when atoms loses an electron (a –ve charge). The ion formed when an electron is lost or donated is called a cation. When electrons are gained, an Anion is formed. Cations have net + charge where as Anions have a net negative charge.
Atoms have the same number of electrons and protons and hence have net 0 charge. When an atom gains or loses an electron, it attains a net charge and becomes an ion. When electrons are lost (or donated), the resulting ion is called cation. When electrons are gained, the resulting ion is called an anion.
Atoms that have gained or lost electrons are called __ions___.Explanation:
When an atom gains or loses an electron, it attains a net charge and becomes an ion. When an atom loses an electron, the resulting ion is called cation. When an atom gain an electron, the resulting ion is called an anion. Thus, cations have a net positive charge, while anions have a net negative charge.
Protons and neutrons are packed inside the atom's nucleus so they can't be transfer to other atoms.
The correct answer is c.ion
In the event that a neutral atom loses electrons, it becomes a positive ion or cation and in the reverse situation an anion (negative ion) is generated.
When an atom gains or loses an electron, it attains a net charge and becomes an ion. When electrons are lost, the resulting ion is called cation and when electrons are gained, the resulting ion is called an anion.