2. “Are a lot of people going to the concert?” “Well, only 10 tickets have been sold *b. so far*”
3. “Don’t you usually drive to work?” “Yes, but my car *a. is being fixed* so I have to take the bus.”
4. Erin *d. has been taking* judo classes for about five years now.
5. Emily usually goes on vacation twice *c. a year.*
6. “Where’s Harry?” “He *d. has gone* to a football game.”
7. *a. Does this color look* OK for the bathroom walls?
8. “I’m really hungry.” “*d.Haven’t you had* anything to eat today?”
9. Leo speaks Spanish very well and *b. hardly ever makes* mistakes.
10. Our hotel reservations *c. are always made* well in advance.
11. “I’d rather go jogging in the morning, when it’s cool.” “Well, *c. I see what you mean* but I can’t because I have to drive the children to school.
12. Thomas *d. usually answers* correctly when the teacher asks him a question.
13. Adam is so clumsy; he *c. is always breaking* something
14. The film *a. starts* at 5:00 pm, so we should hurry.
15. “Why is Kate crying?” “She *d. has been cutting* up onions for the soup.”
16. How many people *a. are you inviting* to the party next week?
17. In the last few weeks, several cars *c. have been stolen* here.
18. I’m throwing the cheese away because it *b. doesn’t taste* good.
19. It’s only the second time William *a. has flown* to Europe.
20. We *b. are staying* in a hotel until we move into our new apartment.
Hope this helps!
a) I can't believe it, Inspector. You mean that Smith has been stealing money from the till all this time!
b) You three boys look very guilty! What have you been doing since I left the room?
c) Why on earth didn't you tell me about that loose floorboard? I tripped over it just now and hurt myself.
d) It's a long time since I saw your brother Paul. What has he been doing lately?
e) I can't believe that you have eaten three pizzas already! I only brought them in fifteen minutes ago!
f ) Don't forget that you haven't seen Mrs Dawson. She has been waiting outside since 10.30.
g) What did you think of Brighton? Did you st
ay there long?
h) I feel really tired. I have been weeding the garden for the last three hours and haven't rested for a single moment.
i) I'm having problems with David. He has been calling me up in the middle of the night and telling me his troubles.
j) How long have you been having driving lessons? And have you taken your test yet?
Given examples are exercise for three tenses: past simple, present perfect simple, and present perfect continuous tense.
We use the simple past tense while talking about something that has already happened in the past. This tense emphasizes that the action is finished. A good example is the sentence I tripped over it just now and hurt myself. We have two actions that took place recently, in the past, and took only a moment. That is when the past simple tense is used, unlike the present continuous tense, which refers to a continuing action that took place in the past.
Usually, the present perfect simple tense tells about:our experience up to the present, an action that has taken place once or many times before now;an action, state, or habit started in the past and continues in the present;an action that happened in the past, but is important in the present because of its result.
The sentence And have you taken your test yet? can serve as a good example of the first listed use of the present perfect simple tense. The adverb yet additionally points to that we are talking about our experience up to this point.
The present perfect simple tense is formed using have/has + the past participle.
The present perfect continuous tense is a tense which shows that an action started in the past and has continued up to the present.
The sentence I have been weeding the garden for the last three hours and haven't rested for a single moment. is a good example of present perfect continuous tense. The action weeding started in the past (three hours ago) and is still ongoing.
The present perfect continuous tense is formed using has/have + been + present participle
Bartolomé de Las Casas is describing the way that Spanish conquistadors took advantage of and abused the native populations in the New World. He felt that the behavior of his fellow Spaniards was inhumane and ungodly.The natives were a decent people, and the Spaniards abused them without reason. Las Casas contended that "of all the infinite universe of humanity, these people [the natives in the Indies] are the most guileless, the most devoid of wickedness and duplicity, the most obedient and faithful to their native masters and to the Spanish Christians whom they serve."The natives had not provoked the conquistadors. "Only after the Spaniards had used violence against them ... did the Indians ever rise up against" the Spaniards, Las Casas contended.The Spaniards supposed Christianity was not true Christianity, because these "Christians" had as their "ultimate aim ... to acquire gold, and to swell themselves with riches in a very brief time."
Bartolomé de Las Casas was a missionary from the Dominican order of friars. He was also a historian who wrote the 3-volume work, A History of the Indies, spanning the history of the "Indies" region in the New World from Christopher Columbus' arrival in 1492 to about 1520. Not only was Las Casas eager and zealous about teaching Christianity to the natives in the New World, he was also a strongly vocal critic of the way Spanish conquistadors were abusing and enslaving Native Americans. In his 1542 work, A Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies, Las Casas wrote with horror concerning what he saw happening to the natives in the Indies, from which the section quoted in this question is taken.
I have written the options of the questions as answers.
The complete two-way frequency table is shown below.
Denote the events as follows:
U = a member have been to the United States
NU = a member have not been to the United States
A = a member have been to Australia
NA = a member have not been to Australia
The information provided is:
A NA Total
U 5 __ 11
NU __ __ __
Total 12 __ 19
Complete the table as follows:
n (U ∩ NA) = n (U) - n (U ∩ A)
= 11 - 5
n (NU) = N - n (U)
= 19 - 11
n (NU ∩ A) = n (A) - n (U ∩ A)
= 12 - 5
n (NA) = N - n (A)
= 19 - 12
n (NU ∩ NA) = n (NA) + n (U ∩ NA)
= 7 - 6
The complete 2-way table is:
A NA Total
U 5 6 11
NU 7 1 8
Total 12 7 19