atman means 'eternal self'. the atman refers to the real self beyond ego or false self. it is often referred to as 'spirit' or 'soul' and indicates our true self or essence which underlies our existence.
there are many interesting perspectives on the self in hinduism ranging from the self as eternal servant of god to the self as being identified with god. the understanding of the self as eternal supports the idea of reincarnation in that the same eternal being can inhabit temporary bodies.
the idea of atman entails the idea of the self as a spiritual rather than material being and thus there is a strong dimension of hinduism which emphasises detachment from the material world and promotes practices such as asceticism. thus it could be said that in this world, a spiritual being, the atman, has a human experience rather than a human being having a spiritual experience.
difference: buddhism is a religion while confucianism is more-so a way of life
similar: they don't have human-like depictions of spiritual energies like catholicism, christianity, etc.
similar: they both go to temples.
difference: buddhism was founded in india. confucianism, china.
difference: buddhism aim to achieve enlightenment, while confucianism seeks to achieve structure in society.
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the buddha identified ways to end suffering and attain minerva, which is the ultimate goal of buddhism. for this purpose, he came up with the concept of the four noble truths, which were crucial to ending suffering. the last of these truths stressed following the eightfold path , which is a series of steps that allow you to live life in a proper manner. these steps would make sure that you would follow the or live life in moderation.
the eightfold path has 8 practices which are:right understandingright thoughtright speechright actionright livelihood right effortright mindfulnessright concentration
because he didn't know how to do it