C) checks and balances
Explanation:I took the USA Test Prep and that was the right answer
Explanation: The principle of government being described here is Checks and Balances. Remember that "Separation of Powers" refers to each branch having specific duties of governance. In the passage, however, the judicial branch is striking down a law that violates the Constitution. This "check and balance" is a protection for citizens, and prevents one branch from abusing their constitutional powers.
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the answer is b) separation of powers
The answer is C. It checks the power of congress and the president and balances the power out.
The Constitution divided our government into 3 branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. A system of checks and balances ensures that even though there is a separation of power between the 3 branches, they work together to ensure there is not too much power in one branch.
Congress creates the laws, processes a bill, and then sends it to the president to sign into law or veto and send back to the Congress to vote again. The judicial branch reviews the law and decides if it constitutional or not.