4. multiple crosses were made between true-breeding lines of black and yellow labrador retrievers. all the f1 progeny were black. when these progeny were intercrossed, they produced an f2 consisting of 91 black, 39 yellow and 30 chocolate. a. propose an explanation for the inheritance of coat color in labradors. b. propose a biochemical pathway for coat color determination and indicate how the relevant genes control coat coloration.
a. The observed frequencies (91 black, 39 yellow, and 30 chocolate) are similar to the expected values for a dihybrid cross, which has a phenotype ratio of 9:3:3:1
b. Coat color is a trait characterized by the presence of melanin, thereby genes that encodes for enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of melanin are expected to be involved in the expression of this trait